Home > Rice and Pasta > Types of Pasta

Types of Pasta

By: Margaret Paxton - Updated: 24 Oct 2012 | comments*Discuss
 
Types Of Pasta

Types of Pasta

Pasta: the wonderfully versatile slow-release carbohydrate that gives even leftovers a sense of occasion. A simple cold pasta salad can provide a quick and healthy snack, or, for combined social and culinary satisfaction, share a pasta feast with friends and family. Bueno appetite.

Benefits of Pasta

Athletes around the world eat pasta! The starches in this simple food are broken down slowly by the body and used as an energy store; perfect fuel for endurance runners. Whole-wheat pasta provides more energy and protein than the dried white pasta and is a source of fibre and thiamine (B vitamin that helps to convert carbohydrates into energy.)

Prepared with sauces made from tomatoes and other fresh vegetables, pasta can be part of a healthy balanced diet; but pasta is often mixed with cream, butter and cheese in recipes. That is when the dish becomes fattening!

Dried pasta keeps well and is a must for the store cupboard. It can provide a base for numerous main meals, side dishes and starters and makes an attractive and tasty ingredient in many soups.

For fresh pasta, pasta-making machines are available to buy. You can choose the type of pasta you make at the same time as having the fun of making your own. And the taste of fresh, homemade pasta is unbelievable.

Guide to Pasta Types

There are hundreds of different types but they fall into four main categories of pasta; long and round, long ribbons, hollow tubes and small shapes. Some (like ravioli and cannelloni) can be filled with various fillings-including savoury-made with vegetables, cheese, fish, or meat.

Pasta means ‘dough’ in Italian and is most usually made from durum wheat that is mixed with water. Strong white flour and fine semolina are mixed with olive oil, eggs, salt and water to make a basic pasta dough. When no additional colouring is used the pasta looks yellow in colour, but can be red (tomato) pink (beetroot) orange (saffron) and green (spinach) depending on what has been added to colour it. Squid ink creates black pasta.

This list gives a few of the most frequently used pastas in alphabetical order:

  • Anelli-small rings used in soup
  • Bigoli-whole-wheat from the Veneto region
  • Cannelloni-large, thick tubes
  • Capelli-similar to spaghetti but thinner
  • Conghiglie-ridged shells
  • Ditali-small tubes that look similar to macaroni
  • Eliche-loose spiral shapes
  • Farfalle-bows
  • Fettuccine-medium ribbons
  • Fusilli-spirals
  • Gemelli-means ‘twins’ because two pieces are wrapped together
  • Lasagne-flat rectangular sheets
  • Linguine-long flat ribbons
  • Lumaconi-large shells often used for fillings
  • Macaroni-long or short tubes- often served with cheese sauce
  • Penne-short, thick quills
  • Ravioli-small squares with a filling
  • Rigatoni-thick ridged tubes
  • Rotelle-wheels
  • Spaghetti-the best known pasta that can be fine, medium or thick rods
  • Strozzapreti-double twisted strands known as ‘priest strangler’
  • Tagliarini-flat, thin, ribbons
  • Tagliatelle-broad, flat, ribbons
  • Vermicelli-fine strands, usually twisted into long coils
  • Zita Tagliati-short, thick, tubes

Cooking Pasta

Perfect pasta is neither undercooked-because then it tastes of flour and remains unyielding-or overcooked because it becomes a sticky soggy mess. The Italian term for how pasta should be cooked is ‘al dente’ which means ‘to the tooth’. Pasta should be tender but still taste firm when bitten.

To work out serving portions of dried pasta, a rough guide is 40-50g per person if the pasta is to be served as a starter or salad and 75-115g per person when served as a main course.

When cooking pasta in a large saucepan, the addition of a little olive oil to the boiling water helps to prevent sticking and gives the pasta movement and lustre. Cooking times vary between 2-3 minutes for fresh, unfilled pasta, to 15-20 minutes for dried, filled pasta, so it is important to check the recommended cooking times of different types. If cooked pasta is not to be used immediately, it is best to return it to the pan it was cooked in (after it has been drained) then add a little butter or olive oil to keep it moist.

Take time and effort to cook pasta; it can make or break a meal!

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Topics
Latest Comments
  • charlzz
    Re: Types of Pastry
    so helpful thanks, im now a master chef so much appreciation
    20 June 2018
  • lemibakes
    Re: How to Make a Great Bread and Butter Pudding
    am a baker who cares about what i make ie quality and standardization of products
    2 May 2018
  • zalmita
    Re: Quick and Simple Dairy Meals
    I need to be a student cooker .so please Pont me cooker
    17 November 2017
  • Hollie Shager
    Re: Types of Pastry
    Very helpful, it has a very simple and conveniently brief summary of a wide range of pastries in the world. It would have been even more helpful if…
    5 July 2017
  • Simon57
    Re: Types of Pastry
    worth reading i can adapt these to suit a vegetarian diet
    5 July 2017
  • Annie
    Re: Types of Pastry
    This website was very helpful <3
    8 June 2017
  • Mirza
    Re: Types of Pastry
    Provide interview questions in this topic for preparing job interview for best impression..
    1 May 2017
  • Horrible Speller
    Re: Types of Pastry
    Wow, this had been so helpful with my cooking assindgmenys for school. :-) Thankyou so much for posting that, Inhave also learnt alot more about…
    1 May 2017
  • Davinci
    Re: Utensils and Their Uses
    Thanks for ur lessons. You've saved the day
    3 January 2017
  • LearnCooking
    Re: Home Made Cakes
    Ang - Your Question:Why does my pastry taste bitter?Our Response:While you may not notice it whe
    18 October 2016
Further Reading...
Our Most Popular...
Add to my Yahoo!
Add to Google
Stumble this
Add to Twitter
Add To Facebook
RSS feed
You should seek independent professional advice before acting upon any information on the LearnCooking website. Please read our Disclaimer.